Syngas employed for methanol comprising principally carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) is fed to a catalytic reactor. The reactor offgas is cooled to condense product methanol and yield a reactor purge gas stream. This gas stream contains unreacted H2, CO and CO2. Also present are methane (CH4), N2 and depending on the source of the syngas, argon (Ar). Removal and recovery of hydrogen has been shown to increase methanol production between 2-4%, which in large plants is quite significant. Air Liquide Advanced Separations' (ALaS) membranes placed in the reactor purge gas loop downstream of the methanol separator recover 80-90% of the H2 in the gas stream. H2 is recycled back to the syngas compressor loop, while the residue gas rich in CO, CH4 is purged by way of the fuel gas header. ALaS offers a range of high performing polyaramide and polyimide membrane products for customers to consider. Utilizing ALaS membranes in a methanol reactor purge gas loop recovers and profitably utilizes H2; customers are able to realize increased methanol production as almost soon as the membrane unit is started up.
Hydrogen (H2) is selectively separated from methane (CH4), nitrogen (N2) and argon (Ar) by permeation through a polymeric hollow fiber membrane. The driving force is the partial pressure difference across the membrane for H2 , CH4 and other gas components. H2 is the “fast” gas, whereas inerts are the “slow” gases. The pressurized feed gas enters the bundle from the shell side; the syngas stays under pressure while the H2 is collected at a lower pressure from the fiber bore.